rculfhash: help scheme: fix end node, insertion, and lookups
authorMathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
Wed, 14 Sep 2011 02:27:15 +0000 (22:27 -0400)
committerMathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
Wed, 14 Sep 2011 02:27:15 +0000 (22:27 -0400)
Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
rculfhash.c

index 1288c78d585f983764da0c96eefb6df4f5712cc3..197a00f14984d09d8d3e08068a8f7bc89318b636 100644 (file)
 #define DUMMY_FLAG             (1UL << 1)
 #define FLAGS_MASK             ((1UL << 2) - 1)
 
+/* Value of the end pointer. Should not interact with flags. */
+#define END_VALUE              0x4
+
 struct ht_items_count {
        unsigned long add, remove;
 } __attribute__((aligned(CAA_CACHE_LINE_SIZE)));
@@ -652,7 +655,19 @@ struct cds_lfht_node *flag_dummy(struct cds_lfht_node *node)
 {
        return (struct cds_lfht_node *) (((unsigned long) node) | DUMMY_FLAG);
 }
+
+static
+struct cds_lfht_node *get_end(void)
+{
+       return (struct cds_lfht_node *) END_VALUE;
+}
+
+static
+int is_end(struct cds_lfht_node *node)
+{
+       return clear_flag(node) == (struct cds_lfht_node *) END_VALUE;
+}
+
 static
 unsigned long _uatomic_max(unsigned long *ptr, unsigned long v)
 {
@@ -709,7 +724,8 @@ int _cds_lfht_gc_bucket(struct cds_lfht_node *dummy, struct cds_lfht_node *node)
                 */
                assert(dummy != node);
                for (;;) {
-                       if (unlikely(!clear_flag(iter)))
+                       assert(iter != NULL);
+                       if (unlikely(is_end(iter)))
                                return 0;
                        if (likely(clear_flag(iter)->p.reverse_hash > node->p.reverse_hash))
                                return 0;
@@ -724,6 +740,7 @@ int _cds_lfht_gc_bucket(struct cds_lfht_node *dummy, struct cds_lfht_node *node)
                        new_next = flag_dummy(clear_flag(next));
                else
                        new_next = clear_flag(next);
+               assert(new_next != NULL);
                (void) uatomic_cmpxchg(&iter_prev->p.next, iter, new_next);
        }
        return 0;
@@ -739,12 +756,13 @@ struct cds_lfht_node *_cds_lfht_add(struct cds_lfht *ht,
                        *dummy_node;
        struct _cds_lfht_node *lookup;
        unsigned long hash, index, order;
+       int force_dummy = 0;
 
        assert(!is_dummy(node));
        assert(!is_removed(node));
        if (!size) {
                assert(dummy);
-               node->p.next = flag_dummy(NULL);
+               node->p.next = flag_dummy(get_end());
                return node;    /* Initial first add (head) */
        }
        hash = bit_reverse_ulong(node->p.reverse_hash);
@@ -773,6 +791,7 @@ struct cds_lfht_node *_cds_lfht_add(struct cds_lfht *ht,
                }
                assert(iter_prev->p.reverse_hash <= node->p.reverse_hash);
                for (;;) {
+                       assert(iter != NULL);
                        /*
                         * When adding a dummy node, we allow concurrent
                         * add/removal to help. If we find the dummy node in
@@ -780,7 +799,7 @@ struct cds_lfht_node *_cds_lfht_add(struct cds_lfht *ht,
                         */
                        if (unlikely(dummy && clear_flag(iter) == node))
                                return node;
-                       if (unlikely(!clear_flag(iter)))
+                       if (unlikely(is_end(iter)))
                                goto insert;
                        if (likely(clear_flag(iter)->p.reverse_hash > node->p.reverse_hash))
                                goto insert;
@@ -805,14 +824,31 @@ struct cds_lfht_node *_cds_lfht_add(struct cds_lfht *ht,
                assert(!is_removed(iter_prev));
                assert(!is_removed(iter));
                assert(iter_prev != node);
-               if (!dummy)
+               if (!dummy) {
                        node->p.next = clear_flag(iter);
-               else
-                       node->p.next = flag_dummy(clear_flag(iter));
+               } else {
+                       /*
+                        * Dummy node insertion is performed concurrently (help
+                        * scheme). We try to link its next node, and if this
+                        * succeeds, it _means_ it's us who link this dummy node
+                        * into the table. force_dummy is set as soon as we
+                        * succeed this cmpxchg within this function.
+                        */
+                       if (!force_dummy) {
+                               if (uatomic_cmpxchg(&node->p.next, NULL,
+                                               flag_dummy(clear_flag(iter))) != NULL) {
+                                       return NULL;
+                               }
+                               force_dummy = 1;
+                       } else {
+                               node->p.next = flag_dummy(clear_flag(iter));
+                       }
+               }
                if (is_dummy(iter))
                        new_node = flag_dummy(node);
                else
                        new_node = node;
+               assert(new_node != NULL);
                if (uatomic_cmpxchg(&iter_prev->p.next, iter,
                                    new_node) != iter)
                        continue;       /* retry */
@@ -824,6 +860,7 @@ struct cds_lfht_node *_cds_lfht_add(struct cds_lfht *ht,
                        new_next = flag_dummy(clear_flag(next));
                else
                        new_next = clear_flag(next);
+               assert(new_next != NULL);
                (void) uatomic_cmpxchg(&iter_prev->p.next, iter, new_next);
                /* retry */
        }
@@ -863,6 +900,7 @@ int _cds_lfht_remove(struct cds_lfht *ht, unsigned long size,
                        assert(is_dummy(next));
                else
                        assert(!is_dummy(next));
+               assert(next != NULL);
                old = uatomic_cmpxchg(&node->p.next, next,
                                      flag_removed(next));
        } while (old != next);
@@ -1127,23 +1165,39 @@ struct cds_lfht *cds_lfht_new(cds_lfht_hash_fct hash_fct,
 
 struct cds_lfht_node *cds_lfht_lookup(struct cds_lfht *ht, void *key, size_t key_len)
 {
-       struct cds_lfht_node *node, *next;
+       struct cds_lfht_node *node, *next, *dummy_node;
        struct _cds_lfht_node *lookup;
        unsigned long hash, reverse_hash, index, order, size;
 
        hash = ht->hash_fct(key, key_len, ht->hash_seed);
        reverse_hash = bit_reverse_ulong(hash);
 
+restart:
        size = rcu_dereference(ht->t.size);
        index = hash & (size - 1);
        order = get_count_order_ulong(index + 1);
        lookup = &ht->t.tbl[order]->nodes[index & (!order ? 0 : ((1UL << (order - 1))) - 1)];
        dbg_printf("lookup hash %lu index %lu order %lu aridx %lu\n",
                   hash, index, order, index & (!order ? 0 : ((1UL << (order - 1)) - 1)));
-       node = (struct cds_lfht_node *) lookup;
+       dummy_node = (struct cds_lfht_node *) lookup;
+       /* We can always skip the dummy node initially */
+       node = rcu_dereference(dummy_node->p.next);
+       if (unlikely(node == NULL)) {
+               /*
+                * We are executing concurrently with a hash table
+                * expand, so we see a dummy node with NULL next value.
+                * Help expand by linking this node into the list and
+                * retry.
+                */
+               (void) _cds_lfht_add(ht, size >> 1, dummy_node, 0, 1);
+               goto restart;   /* retry */
+       }
+       node = clear_flag(node);
        for (;;) {
-               if (unlikely(!node))
+               if (unlikely(is_end(node))) {
+                       node = NULL;
                        break;
+               }
                if (unlikely(node->p.reverse_hash > reverse_hash)) {
                        node = NULL;
                        break;
@@ -1175,8 +1229,10 @@ struct cds_lfht_node *cds_lfht_next(struct cds_lfht *ht,
        node = clear_flag(next);
 
        for (;;) {
-               if (unlikely(!node))
+               if (unlikely(is_end(node))) {
+                       node = NULL;
                        break;
+               }
                if (unlikely(node->p.reverse_hash > reverse_hash)) {
                        node = NULL;
                        break;
@@ -1248,7 +1304,7 @@ int cds_lfht_delete_dummy(struct cds_lfht *ht)
                if (!is_dummy(node))
                        return -EPERM;
                assert(!is_removed(node));
-       } while (clear_flag(node));
+       } while (!is_end(node));
        /*
         * size accessed without rcu_dereference because hash table is
         * being destroyed.
@@ -1314,7 +1370,7 @@ void cds_lfht_count_nodes(struct cds_lfht *ht,
                else
                        (nr_dummy)++;
                node = clear_flag(next);
-       } while (node);
+       } while (!is_end(node));
        dbg_printf("number of dummy nodes: %lu\n", nr_dummy);
 }
 
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