Fix: update ax_pthread macro to handle newer clang
authorMichael Jeanson <mjeanson@efficios.com>
Thu, 23 Jun 2016 19:20:31 +0000 (15:20 -0400)
committerMathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
Mon, 27 Jun 2016 20:17:44 +0000 (16:17 -0400)
Signed-off-by: Michael Jeanson <mjeanson@efficios.com>
Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
m4/ax_pthread.m4

index d383ad5..4c4051e 100644 (file)
 #   is necessary on AIX to use the special cc_r compiler alias.)
 #
 #   NOTE: You are assumed to not only compile your program with these flags,
 #   is necessary on AIX to use the special cc_r compiler alias.)
 #
 #   NOTE: You are assumed to not only compile your program with these flags,
-#   but also link it with them as well. e.g. you should link with
+#   but also to link with them as well. For example, you might link with
 #   $PTHREAD_CC $CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS $LDFLAGS ... $PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS
 #
 #   $PTHREAD_CC $CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS $LDFLAGS ... $PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS
 #
-#   If you are only building threads programs, you may wish to use these
+#   If you are only building threaded programs, you may wish to use these
 #   variables in your default LIBS, CFLAGS, and CC:
 #
 #     LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
 #   variables in your default LIBS, CFLAGS, and CC:
 #
 #     LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
@@ -30,8 +30,8 @@
 #     CC="$PTHREAD_CC"
 #
 #   In addition, if the PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE thread-attribute constant
 #     CC="$PTHREAD_CC"
 #
 #   In addition, if the PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE thread-attribute constant
-#   has a nonstandard name, defines PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE to that name
-#   (e.g. PTHREAD_CREATE_UNDETACHED on AIX).
+#   has a nonstandard name, this macro defines PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE to
+#   that name (e.g. PTHREAD_CREATE_UNDETACHED on AIX).
 #
 #   Also HAVE_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT is defined if pthread is found and the
 #   PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT symbol is defined when compiling with
 #
 #   Also HAVE_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT is defined if pthread is found and the
 #   PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT symbol is defined when compiling with
 #   modified version of the Autoconf Macro, you may extend this special
 #   exception to the GPL to apply to your modified version as well.
 
 #   modified version of the Autoconf Macro, you may extend this special
 #   exception to the GPL to apply to your modified version as well.
 
-#serial 21
+#serial 23
 
 AU_ALIAS([ACX_PTHREAD], [AX_PTHREAD])
 AC_DEFUN([AX_PTHREAD], [
 AC_REQUIRE([AC_CANONICAL_HOST])
 
 AU_ALIAS([ACX_PTHREAD], [AX_PTHREAD])
 AC_DEFUN([AX_PTHREAD], [
 AC_REQUIRE([AC_CANONICAL_HOST])
+AC_REQUIRE([AC_PROG_CC])
+AC_REQUIRE([AC_PROG_SED])
 AC_LANG_PUSH([C])
 ax_pthread_ok=no
 
 # We used to check for pthread.h first, but this fails if pthread.h
 AC_LANG_PUSH([C])
 ax_pthread_ok=no
 
 # We used to check for pthread.h first, but this fails if pthread.h
-# requires special compiler flags (e.g. on True64 or Sequent).
+# requires special compiler flags (e.g. on Tru64 or Sequent).
 # It gets checked for in the link test anyway.
 
 # First of all, check if the user has set any of the PTHREAD_LIBS,
 # etcetera environment variables, and if threads linking works using
 # them:
 # It gets checked for in the link test anyway.
 
 # First of all, check if the user has set any of the PTHREAD_LIBS,
 # etcetera environment variables, and if threads linking works using
 # them:
-if test x"$PTHREAD_LIBS$PTHREAD_CFLAGS" != x; then
-        save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+if test "x$PTHREAD_CFLAGS$PTHREAD_LIBS" != "x"; then
+        ax_pthread_save_CC="$CC"
+        ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+        ax_pthread_save_LIBS="$LIBS"
+        AS_IF([test "x$PTHREAD_CC" != "x"], [CC="$PTHREAD_CC"])
         CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
         CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
-        save_LIBS="$LIBS"
         LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
         LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
-        AC_MSG_CHECKING([for pthread_join in LIBS=$PTHREAD_LIBS with CFLAGS=$PTHREAD_CFLAGS])
-        AC_TRY_LINK_FUNC([pthread_join], [ax_pthread_ok=yes])
+        AC_MSG_CHECKING([for pthread_join using $CC $PTHREAD_CFLAGS $PTHREAD_LIBS])
+        AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_CALL([], [pthread_join])], [ax_pthread_ok=yes])
         AC_MSG_RESULT([$ax_pthread_ok])
         AC_MSG_RESULT([$ax_pthread_ok])
-        if test x"$ax_pthread_ok" = xno; then
+        if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xno"; then
                 PTHREAD_LIBS=""
                 PTHREAD_CFLAGS=""
         fi
                 PTHREAD_LIBS=""
                 PTHREAD_CFLAGS=""
         fi
-        LIBS="$save_LIBS"
-        CFLAGS="$save_CFLAGS"
+        CC="$ax_pthread_save_CC"
+        CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$ax_pthread_save_LIBS"
 fi
 
 # We must check for the threads library under a number of different
 fi
 
 # We must check for the threads library under a number of different
@@ -123,7 +128,7 @@ fi
 # which indicates that we try without any flags at all, and "pthread-config"
 # which is a program returning the flags for the Pth emulation library.
 
 # which indicates that we try without any flags at all, and "pthread-config"
 # which is a program returning the flags for the Pth emulation library.
 
-ax_pthread_flags="pthreads none -Kthread -kthread lthread -pthread -pthreads -mthreads pthread --thread-safe -mt pthread-config"
+ax_pthread_flags="pthreads none -Kthread -pthread -pthreads -mthreads pthread --thread-safe -mt pthread-config"
 
 # The ordering *is* (sometimes) important.  Some notes on the
 # individual items follow:
 
 # The ordering *is* (sometimes) important.  Some notes on the
 # individual items follow:
@@ -132,82 +137,225 @@ ax_pthread_flags="pthreads none -Kthread -kthread lthread -pthread -pthreads -mt
 # none: in case threads are in libc; should be tried before -Kthread and
 #       other compiler flags to prevent continual compiler warnings
 # -Kthread: Sequent (threads in libc, but -Kthread needed for pthread.h)
 # none: in case threads are in libc; should be tried before -Kthread and
 #       other compiler flags to prevent continual compiler warnings
 # -Kthread: Sequent (threads in libc, but -Kthread needed for pthread.h)
-# -kthread: FreeBSD kernel threads (preferred to -pthread since SMP-able)
-# lthread: LinuxThreads port on FreeBSD (also preferred to -pthread)
-# -pthread: Linux/gcc (kernel threads), BSD/gcc (userland threads)
-# -pthreads: Solaris/gcc
-# -mthreads: Mingw32/gcc, Lynx/gcc
+# -pthread: Linux/gcc (kernel threads), BSD/gcc (userland threads), Tru64
+#           (Note: HP C rejects this with "bad form for `-t' option")
+# -pthreads: Solaris/gcc (Note: HP C also rejects)
 # -mt: Sun Workshop C (may only link SunOS threads [-lthread], but it
 # -mt: Sun Workshop C (may only link SunOS threads [-lthread], but it
-#      doesn't hurt to check since this sometimes defines pthreads too;
-#      also defines -D_REENTRANT)
-#      ... -mt is also the pthreads flag for HP/aCC
+#      doesn't hurt to check since this sometimes defines pthreads and
+#      -D_REENTRANT too), HP C (must be checked before -lpthread, which
+#      is present but should not be used directly; and before -mthreads,
+#      because the compiler interprets this as "-mt" + "-hreads")
+# -mthreads: Mingw32/gcc, Lynx/gcc
 # pthread: Linux, etcetera
 # --thread-safe: KAI C++
 # pthread-config: use pthread-config program (for GNU Pth library)
 
 # pthread: Linux, etcetera
 # --thread-safe: KAI C++
 # pthread-config: use pthread-config program (for GNU Pth library)
 
-case ${host_os} in
+case $host_os in
+
+        freebsd*)
+
+        # -kthread: FreeBSD kernel threads (preferred to -pthread since SMP-able)
+        # lthread: LinuxThreads port on FreeBSD (also preferred to -pthread)
+
+        ax_pthread_flags="-kthread lthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+        ;;
+
+        hpux*)
+
+        # From the cc(1) man page: "[-mt] Sets various -D flags to enable
+        # multi-threading and also sets -lpthread."
+
+        ax_pthread_flags="-mt -pthread pthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+        ;;
+
+        openedition*)
+
+        # IBM z/OS requires a feature-test macro to be defined in order to
+        # enable POSIX threads at all, so give the user a hint if this is
+        # not set. (We don't define these ourselves, as they can affect
+        # other portions of the system API in unpredictable ways.)
+
+        AC_EGREP_CPP([AX_PTHREAD_ZOS_MISSING],
+            [
+#            if !defined(_OPEN_THREADS) && !defined(_UNIX03_THREADS)
+             AX_PTHREAD_ZOS_MISSING
+#            endif
+            ],
+            [AC_MSG_WARN([IBM z/OS requires -D_OPEN_THREADS or -D_UNIX03_THREADS to enable pthreads support.])])
+        ;;
+
         solaris*)
 
         # On Solaris (at least, for some versions), libc contains stubbed
         # (non-functional) versions of the pthreads routines, so link-based
         solaris*)
 
         # On Solaris (at least, for some versions), libc contains stubbed
         # (non-functional) versions of the pthreads routines, so link-based
-        # tests will erroneously succeed.  (We need to link with -pthreads/-mt/
-        # -lpthread.)  (The stubs are missing pthread_cleanup_push, or rather
-        # a function called by this macro, so we could check for that, but
-        # who knows whether they'll stub that too in a future libc.)  So,
-        # we'll just look for -pthreads and -lpthread first:
+        # tests will erroneously succeed. (N.B.: The stubs are missing
+        # pthread_cleanup_push, or rather a function called by this macro,
+        # so we could check for that, but who knows whether they'll stub
+        # that too in a future libc.)  So we'll check first for the
+        # standard Solaris way of linking pthreads (-mt -lpthread).
+
+        ax_pthread_flags="-mt,pthread pthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+        ;;
+esac
+
+# GCC generally uses -pthread, or -pthreads on some platforms (e.g. SPARC)
 
 
-        ax_pthread_flags="-pthreads pthread -mt -pthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+AS_IF([test "x$GCC" = "xyes"],
+      [ax_pthread_flags="-pthread -pthreads $ax_pthread_flags"])
+
+# The presence of a feature test macro requesting re-entrant function
+# definitions is, on some systems, a strong hint that pthreads support is
+# correctly enabled
+
+case $host_os in
+        darwin* | hpux* | linux* | osf* | solaris*)
+        ax_pthread_check_macro="_REENTRANT"
         ;;
 
         ;;
 
-        darwin*)
-        ax_pthread_flags="-pthread $ax_pthread_flags"
+        aix*)
+        ax_pthread_check_macro="_THREAD_SAFE"
+        ;;
+
+        *)
+        ax_pthread_check_macro="--"
         ;;
 esac
         ;;
 esac
+AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_check_macro" = "x--"],
+      [ax_pthread_check_cond=0],
+      [ax_pthread_check_cond="!defined($ax_pthread_check_macro)"])
+
+# Are we compiling with Clang?
+
+AC_CACHE_CHECK([whether $CC is Clang],
+    [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG],
+    [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG=no
+     # Note that Autoconf sets GCC=yes for Clang as well as GCC
+     if test "x$GCC" = "xyes"; then
+        AC_EGREP_CPP([AX_PTHREAD_CC_IS_CLANG],
+            [/* Note: Clang 2.7 lacks __clang_[a-z]+__ */
+#            if defined(__clang__) && defined(__llvm__)
+             AX_PTHREAD_CC_IS_CLANG
+#            endif
+            ],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG=yes])
+     fi
+    ])
+ax_pthread_clang="$ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG"
+
+ax_pthread_clang_warning=no
+
+# Clang needs special handling, because older versions handle the -pthread
+# option in a rather... idiosyncratic way
+
+if test "x$ax_pthread_clang" = "xyes"; then
+
+        # Clang takes -pthread; it has never supported any other flag
+
+        # (Note 1: This will need to be revisited if a system that Clang
+        # supports has POSIX threads in a separate library.  This tends not
+        # to be the way of modern systems, but it's conceivable.)
+
+        # (Note 2: On some systems, notably Darwin, -pthread is not needed
+        # to get POSIX threads support; the API is always present and
+        # active.  We could reasonably leave PTHREAD_CFLAGS empty.  But
+        # -pthread does define _REENTRANT, and while the Darwin headers
+        # ignore this macro, third-party headers might not.)
+
+        PTHREAD_CFLAGS="-pthread"
+        PTHREAD_LIBS=
+
+        ax_pthread_ok=yes
+
+        # However, older versions of Clang make a point of warning the user
+        # that, in an invocation where only linking and no compilation is
+        # taking place, the -pthread option has no effect ("argument unused
+        # during compilation").  They expect -pthread to be passed in only
+        # when source code is being compiled.
+        #
+        # Problem is, this is at odds with the way Automake and most other
+        # C build frameworks function, which is that the same flags used in
+        # compilation (CFLAGS) are also used in linking.  Many systems
+        # supported by AX_PTHREAD require exactly this for POSIX threads
+        # support, and in fact it is often not straightforward to specify a
+        # flag that is used only in the compilation phase and not in
+        # linking.  Such a scenario is extremely rare in practice.
+        #
+        # Even though use of the -pthread flag in linking would only print
+        # a warning, this can be a nuisance for well-run software projects
+        # that build with -Werror.  So if the active version of Clang has
+        # this misfeature, we search for an option to squash it.
+
+        AC_CACHE_CHECK([whether Clang needs flag to prevent "argument unused" warning when linking with -pthread],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG=unknown
+             # Create an alternate version of $ac_link that compiles and
+             # links in two steps (.c -> .o, .o -> exe) instead of one
+             # (.c -> exe), because the warning occurs only in the second
+             # step
+             ax_pthread_save_ac_link="$ac_link"
+             ax_pthread_sed='s/conftest\.\$ac_ext/conftest.$ac_objext/g'
+             ax_pthread_link_step=`$as_echo "$ac_link" | sed "$ax_pthread_sed"`
+             ax_pthread_2step_ac_link="($ac_compile) && (echo ==== >&5) && ($ax_pthread_link_step)"
+             ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+             for ax_pthread_try in '' -Qunused-arguments -Wno-unused-command-line-argument unknown; do
+                AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_try" = "xunknown"], [break])
+                CFLAGS="-Werror -Wunknown-warning-option $ax_pthread_try -pthread $ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+                ac_link="$ax_pthread_save_ac_link"
+                AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_SOURCE([[int main(void){return 0;}]])],
+                    [ac_link="$ax_pthread_2step_ac_link"
+                     AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_SOURCE([[int main(void){return 0;}]])],
+                         [break])
+                    ])
+             done
+             ac_link="$ax_pthread_save_ac_link"
+             CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+             AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_try" = "x"], [ax_pthread_try=no])
+             ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG="$ax_pthread_try"
+            ])
 
 
-# Clang doesn't consider unrecognized options an error unless we specify
-# -Werror. We throw in some extra Clang-specific options to ensure that
-# this doesn't happen for GCC, which also accepts -Werror.
+        case "$ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG" in
+                no | unknown) ;;
+                *) PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$ax_cv_PTHREAD_CLANG_NO_WARN_FLAG $PTHREAD_CFLAGS" ;;
+        esac
 
 
-AC_MSG_CHECKING([if compiler needs -Werror to reject unknown flags])
-save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
-ax_pthread_extra_flags="-Werror"
-CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $ax_pthread_extra_flags -Wunknown-warning-option -Wsizeof-array-argument"
-AC_COMPILE_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([int foo(void);],[foo()])],
-                  [AC_MSG_RESULT([yes])],
-                  [ax_pthread_extra_flags=
-                   AC_MSG_RESULT([no])])
-CFLAGS="$save_CFLAGS"
+fi # $ax_pthread_clang = yes
 
 
-if test x"$ax_pthread_ok" = xno; then
-for flag in $ax_pthread_flags; do
+if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xno"; then
+for ax_pthread_try_flag in $ax_pthread_flags; do
 
 
-        case $flag in
+        case $ax_pthread_try_flag in
                 none)
                 AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work without any flags])
                 ;;
 
                 none)
                 AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work without any flags])
                 ;;
 
+                -mt,pthread)
+                AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work with -mt -lpthread])
+                PTHREAD_CFLAGS="-mt"
+                PTHREAD_LIBS="-lpthread"
+                ;;
+
                 -*)
                 -*)
-                AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work with $flag])
-                PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$flag"
+                AC_MSG_CHECKING([whether pthreads work with $ax_pthread_try_flag])
+                PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_try_flag"
                 ;;
 
                 pthread-config)
                 AC_CHECK_PROG([ax_pthread_config], [pthread-config], [yes], [no])
                 ;;
 
                 pthread-config)
                 AC_CHECK_PROG([ax_pthread_config], [pthread-config], [yes], [no])
-                if test x"$ax_pthread_config" = xno; then continue; fi
+                AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_config" = "xno"], [continue])
                 PTHREAD_CFLAGS="`pthread-config --cflags`"
                 PTHREAD_LIBS="`pthread-config --ldflags` `pthread-config --libs`"
                 ;;
 
                 *)
                 PTHREAD_CFLAGS="`pthread-config --cflags`"
                 PTHREAD_LIBS="`pthread-config --ldflags` `pthread-config --libs`"
                 ;;
 
                 *)
-                AC_MSG_CHECKING([for the pthreads library -l$flag])
-                PTHREAD_LIBS="-l$flag"
+                AC_MSG_CHECKING([for the pthreads library -l$ax_pthread_try_flag])
+                PTHREAD_LIBS="-l$ax_pthread_try_flag"
                 ;;
         esac
 
                 ;;
         esac
 
-        save_LIBS="$LIBS"
-        save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+        ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+        ax_pthread_save_LIBS="$LIBS"
+        CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
         LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
         LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
-        CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS $ax_pthread_extra_flags"
 
         # Check for various functions.  We must include pthread.h,
         # since some functions may be macros.  (On the Sequent, we
 
         # Check for various functions.  We must include pthread.h,
         # since some functions may be macros.  (On the Sequent, we
@@ -218,7 +366,11 @@ for flag in $ax_pthread_flags; do
         # pthread_cleanup_push because it is one of the few pthread
         # functions on Solaris that doesn't have a non-functional libc stub.
         # We try pthread_create on general principles.
         # pthread_cleanup_push because it is one of the few pthread
         # functions on Solaris that doesn't have a non-functional libc stub.
         # We try pthread_create on general principles.
+
         AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([#include <pthread.h>
         AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([#include <pthread.h>
+#                       if $ax_pthread_check_cond
+#                        error "$ax_pthread_check_macro must be defined"
+#                       endif
                         static void routine(void *a) { a = 0; }
                         static void *start_routine(void *a) { return a; }],
                        [pthread_t th; pthread_attr_t attr;
                         static void routine(void *a) { a = 0; }
                         static void *start_routine(void *a) { return a; }],
                        [pthread_t th; pthread_attr_t attr;
@@ -227,16 +379,14 @@ for flag in $ax_pthread_flags; do
                         pthread_attr_init(&attr);
                         pthread_cleanup_push(routine, 0);
                         pthread_cleanup_pop(0) /* ; */])],
                         pthread_attr_init(&attr);
                         pthread_cleanup_push(routine, 0);
                         pthread_cleanup_pop(0) /* ; */])],
-                [ax_pthread_ok=yes],
-                [])
+            [ax_pthread_ok=yes],
+            [])
 
 
-        LIBS="$save_LIBS"
-        CFLAGS="$save_CFLAGS"
+        CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$ax_pthread_save_LIBS"
 
         AC_MSG_RESULT([$ax_pthread_ok])
 
         AC_MSG_RESULT([$ax_pthread_ok])
-        if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = xyes; then
-                break;
-        fi
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xyes"], [break])
 
         PTHREAD_LIBS=""
         PTHREAD_CFLAGS=""
 
         PTHREAD_LIBS=""
         PTHREAD_CFLAGS=""
@@ -244,71 +394,74 @@ done
 fi
 
 # Various other checks:
 fi
 
 # Various other checks:
-if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = xyes; then
-        save_LIBS="$LIBS"
-        LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
-        save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xyes"; then
+        ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
+        ax_pthread_save_LIBS="$LIBS"
         CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
         CFLAGS="$CFLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$PTHREAD_LIBS $LIBS"
 
         # Detect AIX lossage: JOINABLE attribute is called UNDETACHED.
 
         # Detect AIX lossage: JOINABLE attribute is called UNDETACHED.
-        AC_MSG_CHECKING([for joinable pthread attribute])
-        attr_name=unknown
-        for attr in PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE PTHREAD_CREATE_UNDETACHED; do
-            AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([#include <pthread.h>],
-                           [int attr = $attr; return attr /* ; */])],
-                [attr_name=$attr; break],
-                [])
-        done
-        AC_MSG_RESULT([$attr_name])
-        if test "$attr_name" != PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE; then
-            AC_DEFINE_UNQUOTED([PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE], [$attr_name],
-                               [Define to necessary symbol if this constant
-                                uses a non-standard name on your system.])
-        fi
-
-        AC_MSG_CHECKING([if more special flags are required for pthreads])
-        flag=no
-        case ${host_os} in
-            aix* | freebsd* | darwin*) flag="-D_THREAD_SAFE";;
-            osf* | hpux*) flag="-D_REENTRANT";;
-            solaris*)
-            if test "$GCC" = "yes"; then
-                flag="-D_REENTRANT"
-            else
-                # TODO: What about Clang on Solaris?
-                flag="-mt -D_REENTRANT"
-            fi
-            ;;
-        esac
-        AC_MSG_RESULT([$flag])
-        if test "x$flag" != xno; then
-            PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$flag $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
-        fi
+        AC_CACHE_CHECK([for joinable pthread attribute],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR=unknown
+             for ax_pthread_attr in PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE PTHREAD_CREATE_UNDETACHED; do
+                 AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([#include <pthread.h>],
+                                                 [int attr = $ax_pthread_attr; return attr /* ; */])],
+                                [ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR=$ax_pthread_attr; break],
+                                [])
+             done
+            ])
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR" != "xunknown" && \
+               test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR" != "xPTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE" && \
+               test "x$ax_pthread_joinable_attr_defined" != "xyes"],
+              [AC_DEFINE_UNQUOTED([PTHREAD_CREATE_JOINABLE],
+                                  [$ax_cv_PTHREAD_JOINABLE_ATTR],
+                                  [Define to necessary symbol if this constant
+                                   uses a non-standard name on your system.])
+               ax_pthread_joinable_attr_defined=yes
+              ])
+
+        AC_CACHE_CHECK([whether more special flags are required for pthreads],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS],
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS=no
+             case $host_os in
+             solaris*)
+             ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS="-D_POSIX_PTHREAD_SEMANTICS"
+             ;;
+             esac
+            ])
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS" != "xno" && \
+               test "x$ax_pthread_special_flags_added" != "xyes"],
+              [PTHREAD_CFLAGS="$ax_cv_PTHREAD_SPECIAL_FLAGS $PTHREAD_CFLAGS"
+               ax_pthread_special_flags_added=yes])
 
         AC_CACHE_CHECK([for PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT],
 
         AC_CACHE_CHECK([for PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT],
-            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT], [
-                AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([[#include <pthread.h>]],
-                                                [[int i = PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT;]])],
-                    [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT=yes],
-                    [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT=no])
+            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT],
+            [AC_LINK_IFELSE([AC_LANG_PROGRAM([[#include <pthread.h>]],
+                                             [[int i = PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT;]])],
+                            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT=yes],
+                            [ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT=no])
             ])
             ])
-        AS_IF([test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT" = "xyes"],
-            [AC_DEFINE([HAVE_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT], [1], [Have PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT.])])
+        AS_IF([test "x$ax_cv_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT" = "xyes" && \
+               test "x$ax_pthread_prio_inherit_defined" != "xyes"],
+              [AC_DEFINE([HAVE_PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT], [1], [Have PTHREAD_PRIO_INHERIT.])
+               ax_pthread_prio_inherit_defined=yes
+              ])
 
 
-        LIBS="$save_LIBS"
-        CFLAGS="$save_CFLAGS"
+        CFLAGS="$ax_pthread_save_CFLAGS"
+        LIBS="$ax_pthread_save_LIBS"
 
         # More AIX lossage: compile with *_r variant
 
         # More AIX lossage: compile with *_r variant
-        if test "x$GCC" != xyes; then
+        if test "x$GCC" != "xyes"; then
             case $host_os in
                 aix*)
                 AS_CASE(["x/$CC"],
             case $host_os in
                 aix*)
                 AS_CASE(["x/$CC"],
-                  [x*/c89|x*/c89_128|x*/c99|x*/c99_128|x*/cc|x*/cc128|x*/xlc|x*/xlc_v6|x*/xlc128|x*/xlc128_v6],
-                  [#handle absolute path differently from PATH based program lookup
-                   AS_CASE(["x$CC"],
-                     [x/*],
-                     [AS_IF([AS_EXECUTABLE_P([${CC}_r])],[PTHREAD_CC="${CC}_r"])],
-                     [AC_CHECK_PROGS([PTHREAD_CC],[${CC}_r],[$CC])])])
+                    [x*/c89|x*/c89_128|x*/c99|x*/c99_128|x*/cc|x*/cc128|x*/xlc|x*/xlc_v6|x*/xlc128|x*/xlc128_v6],
+                    [#handle absolute path differently from PATH based program lookup
+                     AS_CASE(["x$CC"],
+                         [x/*],
+                         [AS_IF([AS_EXECUTABLE_P([${CC}_r])],[PTHREAD_CC="${CC}_r"])],
+                         [AC_CHECK_PROGS([PTHREAD_CC],[${CC}_r],[$CC])])])
                 ;;
             esac
         fi
                 ;;
             esac
         fi
@@ -321,7 +474,7 @@ AC_SUBST([PTHREAD_CFLAGS])
 AC_SUBST([PTHREAD_CC])
 
 # Finally, execute ACTION-IF-FOUND/ACTION-IF-NOT-FOUND:
 AC_SUBST([PTHREAD_CC])
 
 # Finally, execute ACTION-IF-FOUND/ACTION-IF-NOT-FOUND:
-if test x"$ax_pthread_ok" = xyes; then
+if test "x$ax_pthread_ok" = "xyes"; then
         ifelse([$1],,[AC_DEFINE([HAVE_PTHREAD],[1],[Define if you have POSIX threads libraries and header files.])],[$1])
         :
 else
         ifelse([$1],,[AC_DEFINE([HAVE_PTHREAD],[1],[Define if you have POSIX threads libraries and header files.])],[$1])
         :
 else
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